Grapes are hand harvested from 60 – 100 year old alberello (bush) vines.
The white is a field blend, mainly Grecanico and Carricante.The vineyards range from 760 m – 1000 metres in altitude, are terraced and are farmed organically by hand.
The soils are black, decomposed lava (volcanic), except around Linguaglossa, where they are bright red and full of iron. The mineral content is very high giving the wines a noticeable sapidity. Wines are made with minimal intervention, natural yeasts, no additives, no fining or filtering and little or no SO2.